Leaders in the Ani-Tsalagi were not called "chief" in the old days. That came primarily from the Scots, who had chiefs among their clans and towns. There were no "kings," for all of our people were elected into office and held it at the pleasure of the people.
It is reported in history that the English tried to appoint a headman to the role of "emperor" or "king." The leader of the people was called the ugu (oo-koo), which could be translated as "head man." The ugu was a man named Moytoy from the Gadusideli town of Tellico. The English were disgusted with the republic type government of the Ani-Tsalagi because they could not find one leader to deal with. John P. Brown, in his book OLD FRONTIERS, reported that Englishman, Sir Alexander, started referring to Moytoy as the Emperor. The other leaders and warriors didn't much care what the English called him. He was still just an elected ugu, not a king. When Moytoy died in 1730, his son, Amausga Osdv, "Bad Water," written by the English as Amo-Sossite, said he would follow his father and demanded he now be called the "Emperor." the men laughed and said he could call himself anything he wanted. They went on about their business and elected Kanagatoga, &qout;Standing Turkey," as the ugu.
&qout;Chief" will be used at times. It also should be remembered that it is difficult to impossible to literally translate some things to English.
As the towns grew, new leaderships had to be formed. Towns were formed with a leader in each town. They were called vganuweuwe (v-ga-noo-way-oo-way), which was the abbreviation of asgaya yvwiyvwi, "very important person." The also electeda danawagaweuwe, "war chief."
The Ani-Taslagi at one time had towns on both sides of the Allegany Mountains, from north of present day Georgia and Alabama up to Virginia. When the English came, the tribe had lost hundreds of thousands of their people to European diseases. They had been reduced to both sides of the Great Smokey Mountains. By the time the English started writing the history of the Ani-Tsalagi, their main groups of towns were Gatusideli Anigadugi, &qout;Over-the-hill Towns," located on the westeren side of the Great Smokey Mountains in present day Tennessee; uwatladi Anigadugi, "Valley Towns," located in the lower part of the mountains of present day North Carolina. There were other smaller groups of towns scattered throughout present day Tennessee and Kentucky.
All towns had an vganuweuwe, who was called a "Town Chief," and a danawagaweue, "war chief." The true leader of the town was whoever was the stronger of the two.
[First Town is Formed]
[Building the Mound and Sacred Fire]
[Tribal Government] [Leaders] [Red and White Organizations] [The War Women] [Warriorship and War Titles]
[Diplomacy] [Immunity of Ambassadors] [Marriage and Divorce] [Tobacco Pipes] [The Ceremonial War Hatchet]
[Take Up The Hatchet] [Bury The Hatchet] [Traders and Merchants] [Craftsmen and Industrial Arts] [Games]
[Taboo] [Burial] [Book Main]