Craftsmen were held in high esteem. Amateur craftsmen joined experts in producing crafts to learn a chosen craft. Each craft was protected by tribal laws and cutsoms. A bow maker made only the bow. An arrow maker made only arrows. Crafts and labor was divided among many, there never being an over abundance of members of one craft and the lacking of another.
One of the chief means of transportation of the Ani-Tsalagi was by canoe. Each town had hundreds on the river banks near their town. It took about six months to make a canoe. The favorite tree to use making the Tsiyu (Jee-yoo), "canoe," was the tulip poplar tree. Tsiyu is also the word for the tulip poplar tree.
Galvna (Ga-lv-na), "gourds," made containers for carrying and storage, and were easy for most amateurs to prepare.
Women wove feathers into beautiful cloaks and skirts. All men and women were good at curing and preparing skins for use in clothing.
Dolvtsa (Daw-lv-ja), "baskets," were made from split cane and morning glory vines. The Tsalagi made their baskets double walled, making them stronger than normal. Waterproofed baskets were also made for cooking and carrying water. Tar from natural sources and tree sap were used to waterproof the baskets.
The rivers in Tsalagi country had some of the best clays for making pottery. The potters used the coiled clay system. The color of the pot was determined by the type of wood used in firing as well as color added to the clay.
Bows were made from locust wood. Oak, ash, and hickory were also used. The Galotsadi (Ga-law-ja-dee), "Bow," was from five to six feet long. Strings made from the gut of bear, buffalo, elk and woodchuck hide were among the favorites. Some string was also made from wild hemp. A good bow would pull about fifty to seventy-five pounds and send an arrow about two hundred and fifty yards.
Dagaledati (Da-ga-lay-da-tee), or Gvni (Gv-nee), "Arrows," were made of cane or sour-wood. They were about thirty-one inches long with fletchings made of two turkey feathers laid on the opposite sides of the shaft.
The Tugawesiti (Too-ga-way-see-tee), "Blowgun," was made from cane. The solid sections were removed by splitting the cane and then gluing it together, or it was burned out by using a rod or hardwood and a coal from a fire. Tugawesiti Gitsi (Too-ga-way-see-tee Gee-jee), "Blowgun darts, or arrows," were made of sour-wood or locust and were about twelve inches long. They were fletched with thistle down.
The favorite weapon of the Tsalagi, the Atasi (A-ta-see), "War Club," was made of hickory or oak. The Tsalagi did not make their war clubs in the manner of their Iroquois cousins, but made a shaft of wood and used a stone head.
[First Town is Formed]
[Building the Mound and Sacred Fire]
[Tribal Government] [Leaders] [Red and White Organizations] [The War Women] [Warriorship and War Titles]
[Diplomacy] [Immunity of Ambassadors] [Marriage and Divorce] [Tobacco Pipes] [The Ceremonial War Hatchet]
[Take Up The Hatchet] [Bury The Hatchet] [Traders and Merchants] [Craftsmen and Industrial Arts] [Games]
[Taboo] [Burial] [Book Main]