The word "clan" came from the Scots, as many of the word definitions in the Ani-Tsalagi language. But they referred to themselves as "people." But for simple use of words, we will also use "clan."
As the towns grew, they decided to start a system that could be handled within a town and also within the entire tribe. Each town had clans, they chose seven clans, seven being the sacred number. It is said by some that there were up to fourteen or more clans, but no one knows for sure.
Families were assigned to clans by the adawehi. Women were the head of each clan and their children belonged to their clan, and were to continue generation after generation. All members of a clan participated in all clan activities for all of their lives. A man would leave his wife and children to join his mother's clan at all functions. Visiting men and women would join the clan of their mothers when visiting another town, for all clan members were kin. Clan law forbids intermarriage between clan members, no matter if they were in other towns through out the tribe.
Each clan member owed loyalty to another, extracting vengeance from all outsiders who wronged a clan member. When a member of the tribe or an outsider killed a clan member, clan law demanded blood for blood. Because of the unyielding law of blood for blood, murder was a seldom seen crime among the Ani-Tsalagi.
A man never raised his hand in anger to a woman for any reason. Death was the only acceptable punishment for a man who physically injured a woman. If a woman hit a man, he was either to stand or flee from the violence. A Tsalagi warrior could kill a woman warrior in combat, but no woman was to be molested or injured after the battle. There is no record in history of a Tsalagi warrior raping a woman. A Tsalagi warrior would kill his own father, brother, uncle or son before he would let him commit such a vile act.
No man or woman gave children corporal punishment. The only punishment given was ridicule by the children's peers and any adult in the town. The anidawehi were the only ones empowered to give any type of physical punishment. Using a fish bone scratcher on them if he broke any religious or tribal laws, or he could be doused with cold water in front of the town's people.
The women of the clan elected a clan member as their leader. There was a leader for each clan in each town. A woman, who was usually a War Woman, was elected as the leader of the Women's Council. The seven clan leaders made up the town's Women's Council. The Women's Council, with much descretion, over ride the decision of any chief. Any member of the town had the rigth to speak before a Women's Council, but only a woman of the town had the right to vote. The leaders of each leader of a town's Women Council represented her town in all National Councils. The leader of each Women's Council elected a leader to lead all the women of the nation. The National Women's Council was the most powerful group in the Ani-Tsalagi.
The Ugaya, "Seven Clan Society," made up the clan system of the Ani-Tsalagi:
Ani-Waya -- Wolf People
Ani-Awi -- Deer People
Ani-Gadogewi -- there is no literal translation and has been lost in antiquity.
Ani-Gilohi -- abbreviation of Ani-Gitlvgvnahita, "Long Hair People."
Ani-Sahohi -- no literal translation.
Ani-Tsisqua -- Bird People
Ani-Wodi -- Paint People
There has been an addition of new clans in modern times that had never been heard of in the old day:
Ani-Gadutwi -- Kituwa People
Ani-Gilogi -- Panther People
Ani-Gitlahi -- Long Hair People
Ani-Godagewi -- Wild Potato People
Ani-Sohoni -- Blue Holly People
There are other clans that has formed in different areas: Bear Clan, Blue People, Blue Paint People, Hair People, Red Paint People.
Use of "people" and not "clan" does sound better and more like our people.
[First Town is Formed]
[Building the Mound and Sacred Fire]
[Tribal Government] [Leaders] [Red and White Organizations] [The War Women] [Warriorship and War Titles]
[Diplomacy] [Immunity of Ambassadors] [Marriage and Divorce] [Tobacco Pipes] [The Ceremonial War Hatchet]
[Take Up The Hatchet] [Traders and Merchants] [Craftsmen and Industrial Arts] [Games] [Taboo] [Burial]